The Pounds


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Luke 19:11-27

Jesus met Zacchaeus in Jechico. He told Zacchaeus that he must stay with him that day. And Zacchaeus gladly welcomed him.

Jesus spoke a parable to Zacchaeus and those around him.

Why did he tell this parable?

• because he was near Jerusalem

• because they thought that the kingdom of God would immediately appear

A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive a kingdom for himself and to return.

He called his ten servants and gave each of them a pound.

The nobleman: Occupy till I return.

But his citizens hated him and sent a message after him.

The message: We will not have this man reign over us.

When he returned, having received the kingdom, then he commanded these servants to whom he had given the money to be called to him, that he might know how much every man had gained by trading.

The first: Lord, your pound has gained ten pounds.

The nobleman (to the first): Well, you good servant: because you have been faithful in a very little, you shall have authority over ten cities.

The second: Lord, your pound has gained five pounds.

The nobleman (to the second): You shall have authority over five cities.

Another: Lord, look, here is your pound, which I have kept laid up in a napkin: for I feared you, because you are an austere man. You take up that which you did not lay down, and reap that which you did not sow.

The nobleman (to him): Out of your own mouth will I judge you, you wicked servant. You knew that I was an austere man, taking up that which I laid not down, and reaping that which I did not sow. Why then didn’t you give my money to the bank, that at my coming I might have gotten my own money with interest?

The nobleman (to them that stood by): Take the pound from him and give it to him that has ten pounds.

Those who stood by: Lord, he already has ten pounds.

The nobleman: More shall be given to every one who has, and even that which he has shall be taken away from him who does not have. As for my enemies, who would not have me reign over them, bring them here and kill them in front of me.


The Last Shall be First and the First Last


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Matthew 19:30-20:16

Jesus was speaking to his disciples.

Many who are first will be last, and many who are last will be first.

The kingdom of heaven is likened to a man that is a homeowner, who went out early in the morning (probably 6am) to hire laborers to work in his vineyard. When he had agreed with the laborers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard to work.

He went out about 9am and saw others standing idle in the marketplace.

Owner of the vineyard: You go also into the vineyard, and I will pay you whatever is right.

And they went to the vineyard to work.

The owner of the vineyard went out about noon and 3pm and did the same thing.

At about 5pm, he went out and found others standing idle.

Owner of the vineyard: Why do you stand here idle all day?

Those who stood idle: Because no man has hired us.

Owner of the vineyard: You go also into the vineyard, and you will receive whatever is right.

The lord of the vineyard (to his steward, when evening came): Call the laborers and give them their pay, beginning with the last ones hired and ending with those hired first.

When they that were hired about 5pm came, every man received a penny.

So when the ones hired first came, they thought that they should have received more; and they each received a penny also.

When they had received a penny, they murmured against the master of the house.

Those hired first: These last have worked only one hour, and you have made them equal to us, who have done most of the work and have labored during the heat of the day.

Owner of the vineyard (to one of them): Friend, I have done you no wrong. Didn’t you agree with me to work for a penny? Take what is yours and go your way. I will give to the last the same as I give to you. Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with my own money? Is your eye evil (envious or wishing evil on another), because I am good?

Jesus concluded: So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.

The Pharisee and the Publican


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Luke 18:9-14

Jesus spoke this parable to certain ones who trusted in themselves that they were righteous.

Two men went into the temple to pray. One was a Pharisee and the other a publican.

The Pharisee stood and prayed, God, I thank you that I am not like other men, who are extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican. I fast twice each week and I give tithes of all that I possess.

The publican, standing afar off, would not lift up even his eyes to heaven, but struck himself on his chest and said, God be merciful to me a sinner.

This publican went down to his house justified rather than the Pharisee: because every one that exalts himself shall be humbled, and he that humbles himself shall be exalted.

The Widow and the Unjust Judge


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Luke 18:1-8

Jesus spoke a parable to them to this end, that men ought always to pray, and not to faint;

There was a judge in a city, who did not fear God nor regard man:

There was a widow in that city; and she came to him.

The widow (to the judge): Avenge me of my adversary.

The judge would not for a while: but afterward he said within himself, Though I do not fear God, nor regard man; yet because this widow troubles me, I will avenge her, lest she wearies me by her continual coming.

Hear what the unjust judge says. And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry to him day and night, though he bear long with them? I tell you that he will avenge them speedily.

Nevertheless when the Son of man comes, shall he find faith on the earth?

The Weary Servant


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Luke 17:7-10

Jesus said to the apostles:

Which of you, having a servant plowing or feeding cattle, will say to him when he has come from the field, Go and sit down and eat?

Will you not say to him, Make ready that with which I may sup, and gird yourself, and serve me, till I have eaten and drunken; and afterward you shall eat and drink?

Does he thank that servant because he did the things that were commanded him?

I think not.

So likewise you, when you shall have done all those things which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants: we have done that which was our duty to do.

The Rich Man and the Beggar


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Luke 16:19-31

There was a rich man, who was clothed in purple and fine linen, and feasted lavishly every day.

And there was a begger named Lazarus, who was laid at the rich man’s gate, full of sores, begging to be fed with the crumbs which fell from the rich man’s table. And the dogs came and licked his sores.

The beggar died and was carried by the angels into Abraham’s bosom.

The rich man also died and was buried.

In hell the rich man lift up his eyes, being in torments, and saw Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.

The rich man: Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame.

Abraham: Son, remember that in your lifetime, you received good things, and Lazarus received evil things: but now he is comforted, and you are tormented. Besides all this, there is a great gulf fixed between us and you, so that those who would pass from here to you cannot; and those, who would come from there, can not pass to us.

The rich man: I pray, father, that you would send Lazarus to my father’s house that he may testify to them lest they also come into this place of torment, for I have five brothers.

Abraham: They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them.

The rich man: No, father Abraham: but if one went to them from the dead, they will repent.

Abraham: If they will not listen to Moses and the prophets, they will not be persuaded even if one rose from the dead.


In hell, the rich man:

— has eyes and can see.

— can reason that water will cool his tongue

— remembers his life and family

— recognizes Lazarus and Abraham

The Unjust Steward


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Luke 16:1-12

Jesus (to his disciples): There was a certain rich man, who had a steward. The steward was accused of wasting the rich man’s goods.

The rich man called him.

The rich man (to the steward): How is it that I hear this of you? Give an account of your stewardship; for you may be no longer steward.

The steward (within himself): What shall I do? for my lord takes away from me the stewardship: I cannot dig; to beg I am ashamed. I am resolved what to do, that, when I am put out of the stewardship, they may receive me into their houses.

He called every one of his lord’s debtors to him.

The steward (to the first): How much do you owe to my lord?

The first debtor: A hundred measures of oil.

The steward (to the first debtor):Take your bill, and sit down quickly, and write fifty.

The steward (to another debtor): And how much do you owe?

The debtor: A hundred measures of wheat.

The steward (to this debtor): Take your bill, and write eighty.

And the lord commended the unjust steward, because he had done wisely: for the children of this world are in their generation wiser than the children of light.

Jesus (continued): Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when you fail, they may receive you into everlasting habitations. He that is faithful in that which is least is faithful also in much: and he that is unjust in the least is unjust also in much. If therefore you have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true riches? And if you have not been faithful in that which is another man’s, who shall give you that which is your own?

The Prodigal Son


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Luke 15:11-32

A certain man had two sons.

The younger son (to his father): Father, give me the portion of goods that falls to me.

And the father divided to them his living.

Not many days later, the younger son gathered all together, and took his journey into a far country, and there wasted his substance with riotous living.

And when he had spent all, there arose a mighty famine in that land; and he began to be in want.

And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country; and the citizen sent him into his fields to feed swine.

And he would gladly have filled his belly with the husks that the swine ate: and no man gave to him.

Then he came to himself.

The young man (to himself): How many hired servants of my father’s have bread enough and to spare, and I perish with hunger! I will arise and go to my father, and will say to him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before you. I am not worthy to be called your son: make me as one of your hired servants.

And he arose, and came to his father.

But when he was yet a great way off, his father saw him, and had compassion, and ran, and fell on his neck, and kissed him.

The son (to his father): Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in your sight, and am not worthy to be called your son.

The father (to his servants): Bring the best robe, and put it on him; and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on his feet: and bring the fatted calf, and kill it; and let us eat, and be merry: because this son of mine was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found.

And they began to be merry.

Now his elder son was in the field: and as he came near the house, he heard music and dancing.

Elder son (to one of the servants): What do these things mean?

The servant: Your brother is come; and your father has killed the fatted calf, because he has received him safe and sound.

The elder brother was angry and would not go in to the celebration.

So his father came out and entreated him.

The elder son (to his father): These many years I have served you, and I have never disobeyed your commandment at any time. And yet you never gave me even a young goat, that I might make merry with my friends: But as soon as this son of yours was come, who has wasted your living with harlots, you have killed the fatted calf for him.

The father (to the elder son): Son, you are ever with me, and all that I have is yours. It was right that we should make merry, and be glad: because your brother was dead and is alive again. He was lost and now is found.

The Lost Coin


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Luke 15:8-10

What woman having ten pieces of silver, if she loses one piece, does not light a candle, and sweep the house, and seek diligently till she find it?

And when she has found it, she calls her friends and her neighbors together, saying, Rejoice with me; for I have found the piece which I had lost.

Likewise, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner that repents.

The Lost Sheep


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Luke 15:3-7

Setting: Tax collectors and sinners came to hear Jesus. The scribes and Pharisees were present also.

Jesus spoke a parable to them:

What man of you, having a hundred sheep, if he lose one of them, does not leave the ninety-nine in the wilderness, and go after the one that is lost, until he finds it?

And when he has found it, he lays it on his shoulders and carries it home, rejoicing.

And when he gets home, he calls together his friends and neighbors.

The sheep owner (to his friends and neighbors): Rejoice with me; for I have found my sheep which was lost.

Likewise, there shall be joy in heaven over one sinner who repents, more than over the ninety-nine just people who need no repentance.